The swelling in the breast tissue in men or boys is known as Gynecomastia. This condition is the result of hormonal imbalance of estrogen and testosterone hormones. Gynecomastia can occur in infants, boys at puberty age, and older man as a result of changes in hormonal levels. Enlarged breasts can be embarrassing and stressful for the men as they are difficult to hide and effects close relationships. Boys at puberty age faces teasing from their mates and avoid social gathering. But it can be reduced by avoiding alcohol, drugs, and proper medications. Gynecomastia is not a serious problem and can go with the time but if it persists than medication or surgery is recommended.
Causes Of Gynecomastia
- Natural hormonal changes
- Enlarged breasts in men
- Street drugs such as Marijuana, heroin, methadone
- Kidney and liver failure
Symptoms And Signs Of Gynecomastia
- Swollen breast gland tissues
- Pain in breasts
- Tenderness in breasts
- Nipple discharge in breasts
There are number of risk factors associated with gynecomastia which include age, adolescence, and certain health conditions such as thyroid, liver, or kidney disease. Blood tests and mammograms are used to determine the cause of gynecomastia. Further testing includes CT scans, MRI scans, tissue biopsies, and testicular ultrasounds. Sometime some other conditions such as breast cancer, mastitis also have similar symptoms and it is very important for a patient to consult doctor timely for better treatment results. Gynecomastia normally relapses with the time without any treatment. The final treatment for gynecomastia is surgery. The surgery has two options, one is liposuction that removes breast fat but not removes the breast gland tissue, second is mastertomy in which the breast gland tissue is removed.
TLC Clinique, with centres at Trivandrum and Kollam, Kerala, India offers effective and quality body contouring treatments with a high degree of precision and accuracy.
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